Glossary of Research Terms

You can post your terms in the Comment section as you see fit. This space is for all of us to learn the vocabulary of research as we encounter new things.

10 Responses to Glossary of Research Terms

  1. John Donaldson says:

    Qualitative Narrative Research: Encompasses the story of the individual or group, exploring the significance of experiences, issues, or obstacles in a story format. While personally meaningful and giving insight, depth and understanding, it lacks a firm accuracy of a scoring system seen in more statistical data formats. Often seen in the humanities as well as some action research, depending the nature of itโ€™s focus on the here and now.

  2. Patrick Hester says:

    Null Hypothesis: A hypothesis that there is no major or significant difference between specified populations. A null hypothesis expects that any kind of difference or significance you see in a set of data is due to chance or that observed differences are due to sampling or experimental error.

  3. Patrick Hester says:

    APA style: established in 1929 by a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers to create a simple set of procedures, or style, that would make the components of scientific writing easier to comprehend. APA Style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher follows to provide consistent presentation of written material. Originally used for scientific journals, APA style is now used in a range of academics. The most recent guidelines can be found in the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition”.

  4. Emma Castle says:

    Deductive: Applying generalized understandings to arrive at a specific conclusion. It starts out with a general statement, or hypothesis, and examines the possibilities to reach a specific, logical conclusion.
    For example, “All men are mortal. Harold is a man. Therefore, Harold is mortal.”

    Inductive: Generalizing from a limited event or experience; there is data and conclusions are then drawn from the data.
    For example, “The coin I pulled from the bag is a penny. That coin is a penny. A third coin from the bag is a penny. Therefore, all the coins in the bag are pennies.”

  5. Michelle Nelson says:

    Abstract: A one-paragraph synopsis of the research that includes all relevant facts: the context, the problem, the hypothesis, the methods, the design, the procedures, the results, the conclusions and the implications.

    Quantitative research: Emphasizes collecting and measuring numerical data. It is often referred to as objective, scientific or traditional research, and its results can be presented in statistics.

    Qualitative research: Examines non-numerical data such as values, attitudes or perceptions. It is often referred to as subjective or interpretive research, and its results often cannot be generalized.

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